واحد دولار امريكي معدني 1 Dollar - تاريخ الاصدار 1878 ميلادي  

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Description
The Morgan dollar was a United States dollar coin minted from 1878 to 1904, and then again in 1921. Named after its designer, United States Mint Assistant Engraver George T. Morgan, the Morgan dollar is one of the most popular of all American coins. It's large size, abundant supply, and pleasing appearance make it both affordable and desirable.

The Morgan Dollar was authorized under the Bland-Allison Act, which had authorized the purchase of large amounts of silver to be minted into silver dollars. Due to the required purchase levels, production took place at a level which was much higher than circulating demand for the denomination. This led to the stockpiling of uncirculated coins at various mints and Treasury buildings, which would ultimately have a significant impact of the survivability of certain issues of the series.

The design was slightly modified throughout the years. Initially, the heraldic eagle shown on the reverse had eight tail feathers (this appeared unnatural) and a flat breast. This was modified to have seven tail feathers visible and one of two alternate reverse types. The first had two parallel top arrow feathers and a concave breast. The other had a slanted top arrow and convex breast. In the process, a number of dies were altered, creating the 7/8 tail feather or doubled tail feather variety. The Morgan Dollars struck in 1921 were made from completely different hubs, and show many design differences on both sides.

A complete basic set of Morgan Dollars by date and mint mark consists of 97 coins. The series is also often collected by die varieties, usually cataloged by VAM numbers (standing for Van Allen/Mallis, the authors of the main reference on the subject).

Obverse
Liberty head, facing left

Lettering: 
E·PLURIBUS·UNUM
LIBERTY
(1878 - 1921)

Engraver: George T. Morgan 

Reverse
Eagle holding arrows and olive branch, within wreath
NOTE: The mintmark is above DO of DOLLAR

Lettering: 
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
In God we trust
* ONE DOLLAR *

Engraver: George T. Morgan 

Edge
Reeded

Comments
Mint-mark, if present, is found on the reverse below the wreath.






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